Automated Market Maker. What is It?

Written by Kwame Anane
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A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual token secured by cryptography while simultaneously creating new units with its help. The cryptocurrency market is decentralized, meaning neither governments nor financial institutions control it. There are many decentralized exchanges where cryptocurrencies can be traded, and they can also be used to buy different goods and services. As an example, Bitcoin was created in 2009, which was the first cryptocurrency on the market.

A major problem facing cryptocurrencies since their inception has been price manipulation. Cryptocurrencies can be artificially inflated or deflated by one person or organization buying or selling many units. Consequently, the market may become unstable, and investment may be discouraged. Market makers that automate the trading process (AMMs) combat price manipulation by ensuring fair prices for all investors while providing market liquidity. With AMMs, cryptocurrencies are bought and sold at predetermined prices using artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, thus stabilizing the market and reducing volatility. Even though AMMs are not widely used, they could play a significant role in the future expansion of the cryptocurrency market. This article will provide an in-depth analysis of automated market makers, how they function, and why they are crucial for cryptocurrency exchanges.

What Is AMM, and What Does It Do?

There are a variety of markets in which market-making techniques can be applied, but financial markets and crypto exchanges are the most common. Market makers that provide liquidity to a market automatically are considered automated market makers. Generally, automated market makers maintain liquidity by continuously buying and selling assets through program trading.

No matter whether there is buyer or seller demand, the goal of an automated market maker is always to provide liquidity to the market. The automated market makers’ algorithms usually consider various factors, including price, volume, and time. Market makers can monitor the market continuously with the help of these algorithms and constantly execute trades according to the market conditions.

The majority of cryptocurrency exchanges have decentralized pricing and liquidity management without a central authority setting price. Therefore, traders may have difficulty finding buyers or sellers for their desired assets due to the lack of centralized control. Providing liquidity to the market and facilitating the finding of counterparties for trades are two key ways AMM in crypto can assist in resolving this issue.

Types of AMMs

Automated market makers can be classified into several types, but one of the most common is the “constant function market maker,” which uses algorithms to constantly acquire and dispose of assets to maintain liquidity. Market makers of this type do generally not consider the asset’s price when conducting trades.

There is also the price-tracking market maker, which is another type of automated market maker. To make trades, they employ algorithms that consider an asset’s current price. In order to stabilize prices and prevent large swings in asset prices, these types of market makers purchase assets when the price is low and sell assets when the price is high.

Benefits of AMMs

The use of automated market making in crypto has a number of benefits. One of the benefits of automated market makers is that they can provide liquidity to otherwise illiquid markets. As a result, traders will find it easier to find counterparties for their trades, which will contribute to price stabilization.

Furthermore, automated market making has the potential to prevent large swings in asset prices. As a result, automated market makers generally purchase assets when they are undervalued and sell them when they are overvalued. So, in the end, stabilizing prices and preventing large fluctuations can be achieved through this type of market-making.

Risks of AMMs

There are a few risks related to automated market making. One danger is that traders with inside information of impending trades can take advantage of market makers. When traders anticipate a large order, they can place their own orders beforehand and cancel them once the trade has been executed. This kind of trading can produce significant profits for the trader, resulting in sharp swings in asset prices.

A second risk is a possibility that automated market makers may be tricked by fake orders. Furthermore, orders placed by traders and subsequently canceled by them can still be executed by an automated market maker, causing the market maker to lose money on the trade and causing the price of an asset to fluctuate unexpectedly.

As a final point, automated market makers can experience errors due to their algorithms. And one of the consequences of such an algorithm mistake may be the result of the fact that the market maker will lose money while trading. As a result of this type of error, the price of an asset can also fluctuate dramatically.


An automated market maker crypto can be useful for stabilizing prices and providing market liquidity. Nevertheless, automated market making carries some risks. These risks should be considered when deciding whether to use automated market makers.

About the author

Kwame Anane